An underwater volcano in the Pacific began to erupt. It provides a refuge for many sharks

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Kavachi’s submarine volcano, located in the Solomon Islands off the coast of Papua New Guinea, has been erupting since October last year. NASA Earth Observatory informed about it.

Interestingly, since its last eruption in 2014, Kavachi has provided refuge to many sharks – especially hammerheads and silkworms (Carcharhinus falciformis).

Scientists are still puzzled as to why the animals in question chose this volcano as their home. According to an article published six years ago in the journal Oceanography, their presence raises “new questions about the ecology of active submarine volcanoes and the extreme environments in which large marine animals may exist.”

Stingrays and snappers have also been observed in the crater, as have “microbial communities” who love sulfur. It is not yet clear how the current eruptions will affect the lives of all these fascinating organisms.

For completeness, Kavachi – named after the sea god of the Gatokae and Vangun peoples – is one of the most active volcanoes in the Pacific.

In its report, NASA notes that over the past 83 years or so, it has created a number of small “transient islands” that later eroded.

Title illustration photo: Alex DeCiccio, CC BY-SA 4.0

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