In Russia, the development of a monitoring system for climate-active substances has started. First Deputy Minister of Economic Development Ilya Torosov said at the session “The relevance of the climate agenda in the key economies of Eurasia” on the sidelines of the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum. Work on the national system for monitoring climate-active substances, which began on the instructions of the President of Russia, will help in the future to create a Russian model of the global climate and strengthen the state system of observations of key components of the climate system.
According to Ilya Torosov, based on the data obtained, it will be possible to adjust national, sectoral and regional plans for adaptation to climate change and thereby reduce the level of climate risks. In addition, our own data will strengthen Russia’s negotiating position at the international level. “We need to understand how the data is taken, how the climate changes, how it affects the sectors of the economy in certain regions, understanding that Russia, as a northern country, is affected by warming more than others. In addition, we are now limited in access to climate data that other countries form,” the Deputy Minister said.
The system will be based on 4 interrelated thematic blocks: “Climate – World”, reflecting global climate change; “Climate – Russia”, which will provide data on climate change in Russia; “Economy – World”, on the basis of which it will be possible to evaluate the effectiveness of measures for the global energy transition and decarbonization; Economics-Russia will provide data on the effectiveness of low-carbon transformation in Russia.
Within the framework of a unified system, an own world-class global climate model, a national system for accounting for greenhouse gas absorption in terrestrial ecosystems, and a Russian system for monitoring the World Ocean and Russian seas will be developed. The existing system of observations and climate modeling on the territory of Russia will also be expanded.
These results form the basis for the development of state climate policy. As part of this important project, Russian regulators will receive independent forecasts of global climate change and greenhouse gas emissions, as well as the causes of such climate changes, objective data on the absorption capacity of Russian ecosystems, verified estimates of the economic efficiency of various methods of decarbonization and adaptation to climate change.
The data obtained within the unified system will be included in the national climate reporting (GHG inventory, biennial reports, national communications, etc.) for international recognition of new data and assessments. This verified information will become the basis for the formation and promotion of Russian approaches in the world.
Ilya Torosov noted that more than 10 billion rubles were allocated for the creation of a unified system until 2024. “To solve the problems of creating a unified system, together with the Ministry of Education and Science, the Ministry of Natural Resources and leading scientific organizations, 6 consortiums have been formed. About 50 scientific institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences and Roshydromet will be involved in these consortiums.”
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The Deputy Minister emphasized that all the obligations announced by the President, including on the eve of last year’s UN climate conference in Glasgow, will be fulfilled. “We keep moving on this track. It has nothing to do with changes in market conditions and external pressure. We believe that global warming is a worldwide problem. We will fulfill all the obligations that the Russian Federation has assumed.”
He recalled that by 2030, according to Russia’s low-carbon development strategy, net greenhouse gas emissions should be reduced by 30% from the level of 1990, by 2050 – by 80%, and by 2060 the country should become neutral. “At the same time, we understand that we want to increase the generation of electricity by 1.6 times, the share of carbon-free sources, renewable energy sources, nuclear power plants, hydroelectric power plants from 40 to 54%, this has already been planned. The goals are achievable, we do not plan to revise them.”
To form a system for the implementation of climate projects and the circulation of carbon units, the criteria for climate projects were approved, national standards were adopted, an institute of national verifiers was created, an operator of the register of carbon units was appointed, and rules for its work were developed. According to Ilya Torosov, from September 1 this year, the Ministry of Economics expects that the first projects will already appear in the register of carbon credits.
“There is already a request from business. They refer to the taxonomy we have prepared. It is as close as possible to the ICMA taxonomy, therefore, we believe that it is absolutely valid, you can work on it,” he said.