The Russian authorities, together with representatives of the IT industry, are developing new rules for the admission of computer equipment from the EAEU to the public procurement market. Despite the risk of crowding out domestic products, this may help to avoid shortages of some items.
Eurasian technology will reduce import barriers
Officials from the Ministry of Industry and Trade and the Ministry of Digital Transformation, together with representatives of the Computing Technology consortium (an autonomous non-profit organization; among the founders are Aquarius, Yadro, iRU, Depo, Kupol, Bulat, Element, etc.) are revising the criteria for admitting electronic and computer technology from the countries of the European Economic Union (EAEU) to the Russian public procurement market. Kommersant writes about this, citing the words of its own sources.
Agreement in force No. 2213 December 6, 2021, signed by the Prime Minister of Russia Mikhail Mishustinaccording to which Russian-made computer equipment received preferences in public procurement regarding equipment from the EAEU, expires on July 1, 2022. According to the document, suppliers from the EAEU were required to prove the production of equipment within their country and provide a certificate of origin of equipment in order to access the Russian state order market.
In accordance with the proposed changes, after July 1, 2022, in order to participate in Russian public procurement, companies from the EAEU will only need to provide a certificate of origin in the ST-1 form, which is issued in Russia, the sources of the publication note.
The authorities want to simplify the admission of “iron” from the EAEU to Russian public procurement
According to experts and market participants interviewed by the publication, cheap equipment from allied countries can seriously compete with domestic production, but for Russian consumers this may be an acceptable way out.
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The protective measures provided for by the current agreement were intended to limit the admission to the Russian public procurement market of computer equipment and electronics imported from the EAEU, or even elementary re-labeling of finished products from far abroad.
Thus, according to the text of Decree of the Government of Russia No. 2213 dated December 6, 2021, the origin of radio-electronic products was confirmed by the presence of information in the Russian hardware register and compliance with the requirements of Government Decree No. 719 dated July 17, 2015 “On confirmation of the production of industrial products in the territory of the Russian Federation ”, or in the Eurasian register of industrial goods in accordance with the decision of the Council of the Eurasian Economic Commission No. 105 dated November 23, 2020 “On approval of the rules for determining the country of origin of certain types of goods for the purposes of state (municipal) procurement”.
A certificate in the ST-1 form for the procurement of radio electronics, issued by the authorized body of a member state of the EAEU, determines compliance with the criteria for determining the country of origin of goods within the rules for determining the country of origin of goods in the CIS, approved on November 20, 2009.
What do officials and experts think?
According to the Executive Director of the Association of Electronics Developers and Manufacturers (ARPE) Ivan Pokrovsky, without prolonging the agreement, equipment from the EAEU can squeeze the Russian one in public procurement, the newspaper writes. “Domestic companies will be in worse conditions, because we have much stricter verification of the origin of equipment than in the Eurasian countries,” he says.
As the interlocutor of the publication in the Government noted, without extending the agreement, “cheap and, as it were, Armenian laptops, may enter the state order market, in fact it will be the equipment of Western vendors, simply assembled at a large node in Armenia.”
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According to the director of the consortium “Basis” Arsenia Brykinafor the admission of electronics from the EAEU, it is necessary to agree on common standards and rules, with the obligatory condition that “the equipment was actually produced in the country, and not assembled at a large node.”
Director of the Association of Computer and Information Technology Enterprises Nikolay Komlev believes that in the current situation it is acceptable to weaken the criteria or requirements for the origin of products. In his opinion, now it is necessary to weaken protectionist measures and act on the principle of “if only there is enough equipment.”
How to solve problems with a shortage of computer equipment
After February 24, 2022, deliveries of computer equipment and electronics to Russia decreased significantly. As CNews previously reported, at the beginning of March 2022, Apple and Samsung left Russia. In addition, at the end of March 2022, Samsung suspended the operation of its factory near Kaluga due to “problems with logistics.” In June 2022, it started working again, but all its products are now exported.
Import substitution, Asia or “gray” import: where to get server hardware
AMD and Intel suspended the supply of their chips in March 2022, and later Intel completely left the Russian market. A little later, Nvidia did the same.
In order to prevent a shortage of foreign goods in Russia, the Government has banned the export of imported equipment from the country until the end of 2022. The restrictions included PCs, servers, smartphones, processors, storage systems, semiconductors and microprocessors.
The authorities of the country started talking about the need to legalize parallel imports in Russia back in March 2022. At the end of April 2022, the authorities compiled a list of about 200 brands whose products can be officially imported into Russia under “gray” schemes. In early May, it was approved. According to the Minister of Industry and Trade Denis Manturovthe start of mass sales of goods imported under the terms of parallel imports is expected in June 2022.