The federal budget will spend almost 20 billion rubles. to create a digital platform of Rosreestr, the basis for which is the Unified State Register of Real Estate. With the help of this platform, it is planned to ensure the provision of 45 information services on the Public Services Portal, as well as to reduce the cost of control and supervision activities.
Costs for creating a digital platform of Rosreestr
The creation and operation of the digital platform of Rosreestr (the Federal Service for State Registration, Cadastre and Cartography) will cost the federal budget 19.9 billion rubles. Corresponding expenditures for the period 2021-2024 are laid down in the federal project “Digital Public Administration” (TsGU) of the national program “Digital Economy”.
It is assumed that within the framework of this result, the provision of electronic services on the Unified Portal of State and Municipal Services (EPGU) will be ensured, as well as the availability of state data to authorities and businesses online.
The basis for the digital platform of Rosreestr is the federal state information system “Unified State Register of Real Estate” (FSIS EGRN). According to the plans set out in the Central State University, by 2023 it is planned to implement 45 information services to provide public services, as well as to ensure the exchange of data with 100 regional executive authorities to provide services and perform functions using state spatial data from the FSIS EGNR.
Expectations from the creation of the digital platform of Rosreestr
It is expected that by 2024 the costs of providing the functions of control and supervision activities and licensing activities will be reduced by 12%, and the terms for the provision of licensing services and the provision of information from the register of self-regulatory organizations (SROs) will be reduced by 40% compared to 2020 d. Also, by conducting at least 80% of all checks using checklists and electronic acts, the burden on business and professional participants will be reduced.
The federal budget will spend almost 20 billion rubles. on the digital platform of Rosreestr based on the Unified State Register of Real Estate
Representatives of Rosreestr CNews reported that as part of the creation of a digital platform of the department, work was carried out to bring 18 subservices to the EPGU related to the state service for providing information from the USRN. “At the moment, all extracts from the USRN have been transferred to the EPGU,” Rosreestr said. – Public services are also available for granting a license to carry out geodetic and cartographic activities, terminating a license, and providing information about a specific license. Work on the creation of new services to ensure the provision of electronic services is being carried out as planned.”
National Spatial Data System
The federal project of the Central State University provides for the creation of two more information systems of Rosreestr – the Unified Electronic Cartographic Basis (GIS EEKO) and the Federal Portal of Spatial Data (GIS FPPD). Federal budget expenditures for their creation in 2019-2024 will amount to 17.4 billion rubles.
GIS EEKO is designed to ensure the creation, updating, provision of information EEKO, monitoring the relevance of the cartographic base. The system is a collection of spatial data on the entire territory of Russia. With the help of EECS, it is possible to compile various thematic information (on infrastructure, population, nature, etc.), as well as to monitor economic activities.
GIS FPPD is designed to provide the possibility of exchanging spatial data, providing individuals and legal entities with information about the EECS, spatial data and materials contained in the FFPD, as well as information to be submitted using coordinates.
Representatives of Rosreestr told CNews that these systems have been put into operation by the agency. They will become the basis for the construction and development of the National Spatial Data System. The systems will provide the necessary functionality and service tools, with the help of which authorities, businesses and citizens will be able to quickly access a single electronic cartographic basis and materials and data from the Federal Spatial Data Fund.
“The start of operation of these systems has significantly expanded and systematized the functionality of interaction between interested consumers and data funds, which has made it possible to optimize the juices for reviewing and issuing the required spatial data and materials and information of the EEKO, including sets of spatial data in the form of highly loaded cartographic web services,” they said. in Rosreestr.
Problems of the Unified State Register of Real Estate
As noted in the state program “National System of Spatial Data” approved by the Government, now there is a problem of filling the USRN with information about spatial data. So, as of January 1, 2021, 169.6 million real estate objects were registered in the USRN, of which 61 million were land plots, including 37.79 million (61.9%) with established boundaries. As of July 1, 2021, information about 43.1% of the border sections between the subjects of the federation, 39.2% of the borders of settlements, 76.2% of the borders of municipalities, 26.1% of the borders of territorial zones was entered into the USRN.
Thus, more than 23 million land plots do not have established boundaries, which is accompanied by a large number of disputes, and in relation to 48.3 million real estate objects there is no information about the right holder. In addition, the USRN contains a significant number of registry errors, which may lead to risks of slowing down the pace of territorial development.
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In the field of land and property relations, there are a number of problems in terms of the development of spatial data infrastructure. One of these is the limited use of modern Russian geoinformation technologies, high-performance processing of spatial data, artificial intelligence to increase the efficiency of digitalization of this area, as well as the lack of a domestic geoplatform that combines information contained in departmental and regional information resources, registers and databases.
In addition, the existing services and services for the provision of spatial data are built by public authorities and business entities on the basis of various, including foreign, digital cartographic products, which “under the conditions of modern realities creates a potential threat to national security.”
Differences in approaches and inconsistency in the process of accounting, use and management of spatial data in federal executive bodies exercising the powers of the owner in relation to federal land plots adversely affect the efficiency of land turnover, the state program notes.
Which state systems collect data on real estate objects
The system for collecting information about real estate and spatial data does not fully ensure the reliability and comparability of information. The problem lies in the departmental disunity of state information resources containing information about land as a real estate object, natural resource, forests and forest areas, water bodies, agricultural land, and other natural objects.
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Information about land and real estate is contained in the following information resources: USRN, the register of federal property (Rosimushchestvo), information systems for ensuring urban planning activities of the constituent entities of the federation, the state forest registry (Federal Forestry Agency), the Unified Federal Information System on Agricultural Land and Land used or provided for agriculture as part of land of other categories (Ministry of Agriculture), the state water register (Federal Agency for Water Resources), an information system for supporting work on the geological study of the subsoil and the reproduction of the mineral resource base (Federal Agency for Subsoil Use).
The fragmentation of information about real estate objects, spatial data, inconsistency of formats and the lack of data integration mechanisms lead to low efficiency in the use of real estate objects, land resources, management of individual territories, limitation of data on unused land resources for their involvement in economic circulation, insufficient distribution of digital services for those interested persons, inefficient spending of budgetary funds due to the need to collect the same data, risks in making management decisions and carrying out investment activities.
The lack of mandatory requirements for the use by authorities of various levels of the basic digital cartographic basis with an up-to-date set of spatial data hinders and complicates the implementation of infrastructure projects, including the pace of housing construction and business development, and reduces the availability of information to stakeholders. The low rates of collection and updating of spatial data, the lack of a unified technological base indicate that the filling of a single electronic cartographic base is 30% of the territory of Russia.
Another significant problem is the lack of a convenient effective tool for informing copyright holders about changes or planned changes in the cadastral value of real estate, which leads to an increase in disputes and dissatisfaction with the cadastral valuation.
There is also an insufficient distribution of digital services in the process of managing territories and real estate at the federal, regional and municipal levels. In the context of digitalization, the provision of services in the field of providing spatial data, as well as the creation of services based on them, is of paramount importance for creating new opportunities for the country’s dynamic development.
Taking into account the more than 2-fold increase in the load on the databases of Rosreestr and the need to meet the needs of interested parties in services for the state cadastral register of real estate and state registration of rights to real estate in terms of the implementation of new electronic services, existing information systems require modernization and redesign, conclude authors of the state program.